Building an Objective-C or Swift Project

What This Guide Covers

This guide covers build environment and configuration topics specific to Objective-C and Swift projects. Please make sure to read our Getting Started and general build configuration guides first.

Objective-C/Swift builds are not available on the Linux environments.

Supported Xcode versions

Travis CI uses OS X 10.12.6 (and Xcode 8.3.3) by default. You can use another version of Xcode (and OS X) by specifying the corresponding osx_image key from the following table:

osx_image valueXcode versionOS X version
osx_image: xcode9.4 Xcode 9.4 OS X 10.13
osx_image: xcode9.3 Xcode 9.3 OS X 10.13
osx_image: xcode9.2 Xcode 9.2 OS X 10.12
osx_image: xcode9.1 Xcode 9.1 OS X 10.12
osx_image: xcode9 Xcode 9.0 OS X 10.12
osx_image: xcode8.3 Default Xcode 8.3 OS X 10.12
osx_image: xcode8 Xcode 8 OS X 10.11
osx_image: xcode7.3 Xcode 7.3 OS X 10.11
osx_image: xcode6.4 Xcode 6.4 OS X 10.10

Detailed iOS SDK versions are available in the OS X CI environment reference

Default Test Script

Travis CI runs xctool by default to execute your tests. In order for xctool to work, you need to tell it where to find your project or workspace and what scheme you would like to build. For example:

language: objective-c
xcode_project: MyNewProject.xcodeproj # path to your xcodeproj folder
xcode_scheme: MyNewProjectTests

You can also specify an SDK using the xcode_sdk variable. This needs to be on the form iphonesimulatorX.Y where X.Y is the version you want to test against.

If you are using a workspace instead of a project, use the xcode_workspace key in your .travis.yml instead of xcode_project.

In order to your run tests on Travis CI, you also need to create a Shared Scheme for your application target, and ensure that all dependencies (such as CocoaPods) are added explicitly to the Scheme. To do so:

  1. Open up the Manage Schemes sheet by selecting the Product → Schemes → Manage Schemes… menu option.
  2. Locate the target you want to use for testing in the list. Ensure that the Shared checkbox in the far right hand column of the sheet is checked.
  3. If your target include cross-project dependencies such as CocoaPods, then you will need to ensure that they have been configured as explicit dependencies. To do so:

    1. Highlight your application target and hit the Edit… button to open the Scheme editing sheet.
    2. Click the Build tab in the left-hand panel of the Scheme editor.
    3. Click the + button and add each dependency to the project. CocoaPods will appear as a static library named Pods.
    4. Drag the dependency above your test target so it is built first.

You will now have a new file in the xcshareddata/xcschemes directory underneath your Xcode project. This is the shared Scheme that you just configured. Check this file into your repository and xctool will be able to find and execute your tests.

Dependency Management

Travis CI uses CocoaPods to install your project’s dependencies.

The default command run by Travis CI is:

pod install

Note that this is only run when we detect a Podfile in the project’s root directory. If the Podfile is in a different directory, you can use the podfile setting in the .travis.yml:

podfile: path/to/Podfile

Also, pod install is not run if the Pods directory is vendored and there have been no changes to the Podfile.lock file.

If there is a Gemfile in your project’s root directory, the pod command is not executed, but instead Bundler is used as a wrapper to pod as follows:

bundle exec pod install

If you want to use a different means of handling your project’s dependencies, you can override the install command.

install: make get-deps

Build Matrix

For Objective-C projects, env, rvm, gemfile, xcode_sdk, and xcode_scheme can be given as arrays to construct a build matrix.


A complete list of simulators available in each version of Xcode is shown on the OS X environment page.