Using Workspaces (Beta)

Workspaces (Beta) #

Workspaces are currently in beta testing, and may change without a prior notice.

Workspaces allow jobs within a build to share files. They are useful when you want to use build artifacts from a previous job; for example, you create a cache that can be used in multiple jobs later.

So you can clearly see when a workspace is created and used, we recommend using workspaces with build stages, as shown in the following examples.

Note that it is best to create a workspace in one stage and then use it in subsequent stages.

Configuration #

A minimal workspace configuration looks like this:

jobs:
  include:
    - stage: warm_cache
      script:
        - echo "foo" > foo.txt
      workspaces:
        create:
          name: ws1
          paths:
            - foo.txt
    - stage: use_cache
      workspaces:
        use: ws1
      script:
        - cat foo.txt || true

Each workspace has a unique name within a build. It is specified by the name key when it is created with workspaces.create, and by the value when it is used with workspaces.use.

In the example above, the workspace named ws1 is created by the only job in the warm_cache stage. The workspace is subsequently consumed in the use_cache stage.

Workspace examples #

Multiple workspaces example #

You can use multiple workspaces in a build.

script:
  - ./build $TRAVIS_OS_NAME
jobs:
  include:
    - stage: Build binaries
      os: linux
      workspaces:
        create:
          name: linux-binaries
    - os: osx
      workspaces:
        create:
          name: osx-binaries
    - stage: Deploy
      language: minimal
      workspaces:
        use:
          - linux-binaries
          - osx-binaries
      git:
        clone: false
      script:
        - ./create_archive.sh
      deploy:
        provider: script
        script: ./upload.sh

In this example:

  1. we run two jobs in the “Build binaries” stage, each producing uploading binaries.
  2. in the subsequent “Deploy” stage, we fetch the workspaces produced by the jobs in the previous stage, and deploy it using a custom script.

Workspaces and concurrency #

Note that workspaces work best if there is no race condition set while uploading them. Since there is no guarantee in the execution order of jobs within a build stage, it is a good idea to assign different workspace names to jobs within a build stage.

Workspace names must be pre-determined #

Due to technical reasons, workspace names will be escaped for shell. In other words, given:

workspaces:
  create:
    name: $TRAVIS_OS_NAME
    paths: 

it will have to be consumed by

workspaces:
  use: $TRAVIS_OS_NAME

and not by

workspaces:
  use: linux

even if the consumer is running on a Linux VM.

How workspaces differ from caches #

It is worth reiterating that the workspaces are meant for sharing files within the same build. For files you want to share across builds, use caches.

Workspaces and caches are considered independently #

It is possible to include a single file in the cache and workspaces.

If you restart some builds within a job, and your workspace isn’t working like you expect it to, try restarting the the entire build.