JWT addon

The JWT addon is deprecated and will be discontinued on April 17, 2018.

Integration between Travis-CI and third-party services like Sauce Labs relies on encrypted variables which works well for trusted branches and committers. For security reasons, encrypted variables are not exposed to untrusted pull requests, so builds of pull requests do not have access to third party integrations.

The JWT addon replaces encrypted variables with a time-limited authentication token, which is exposed to pull requests without security consequences.

For this to work the JWT addon needs to be enabled in the .travis.yml file, and the third-party need to have integrated with the JWT service and allow token-based authentication.

JWT Travis Flow Diagram

.travis.yml #

Add the encrypted key to the jwt section of the .travis.yml file. This can be done manually or using the travis encrypt command

Travis Encrypt:

travis encrypt --add addons.jwt SAUCE_ACCESS_KEY=your-access-key



This can also support several services:

travis encrypt --add addons.jwt SAUCE_ACCESS_KEY=your-access-key THIRDPARTY_SHARED_SECRET=another-key



Use the Encrypted Key #

The original variable names are available within the Travis CI build as environment variables containing the JWT tokens instead of the original values.

For example, using the previous configuration SAUCE_ACCESS_KEY and THIRDPARTY_SHARED_SECRET will be available as environment variables.

How secure is this addon? #

The JWT token is only valid for 90 minutes. It is signed in a way that lets you securely transmit your secret information without worrying that it is leaked.

Troubleshooting #

  1. Check if the third-party service is supported
  2. Contact the third-party support and provide them with the encrypted token (echo the key in your test script), and link to the Travis job.

Third-Party Service Integration #

Third-party service needs to implement a new authentication method on the server side so that the JWT token is recognized and verified.

JWT Libraries #

JWT.io has a complete list of supported languages and documentation on how everything works

Payload #

An example payload used to generate the JWT token:

  "iss": "Travis CI, GmbH",
  "slug": "saucelabs-sample-test-frameworks/Java-TestNG-Selenium",
  "pull-request": 15,
  "exp": 1470111801,
  "iat": 1470106401


  • slug will be the travis link slug
  • pull-request will be empty("") or the pull request integer
  • exp will be when the token expires (now + 5400 seconds, so 90 minutes)
  • iat is the issued at time (now)

Third Party Service Provider Code Sample #

A code sample which illustrates how to add JWT token authentication to third party services.

Python #

In this example we assume the authentication credentials (using environment variables e.g. SERVICE_USERNAME + SERVICE_ACCESS_KEY) of a RESTful API will be sent as HTTP BASIC AUTH header:

Authorization: Basic am9obmRvZTpleUowZVhBaU9pSktWMVFpTENKaGJHY2lPaUpJVXpJMU5pSjkuZXlKcGMzTWlPaUow\nY21GMmFYTXRZMmt1YjNKbklpd2ljMngxWnlJNkluUnlZWFpwY3kxamFTOTBjbUYyYVhNdFkya2lM\nQ0p3ZFd4c0xYSmxjWFZsYzNRaU9pSWlMQ0psZUhBaU9qVTBNREFzSW1saGRDSTZNSDAuc29RSmdI\nUjZjR05yOUxqX042eUwyTms1U1F1Zy1oWEdVUGVuSnkxUVRWYw==

The HTTP BASIC AUTH header’s payload is base64 encoded which will decode to string as follows.


The colon separated string contains the username before the colon and the JWT token after the colon. The username is used to retrieve the user object from the user database. Below is a function which is executed against the user object and the token to validate them for authentication. Please note that the code is deliberately agnostic to what value the access_key contains. It doesn’t matter whether a JWT token or an access key is passed into the function. However, service providers will have to add the JWT auth attempt to an already existing authentication mechanism.

import jwt

def authenticate(user, access_key):
    user: db object representing user retrieved based on username from HTTP BASIC AUTH
    access_key: access key or JWT token signed using access key (shared secret)
    returns True when authentication validation passed, otherwise False
    # primary auth method
    if user['access_key'] == access_key:
        return True

    # secondary auth attempt using JWT method
        return bool(jwt.decode(access_key, user['access_key']))
    except (jwt.DecodeError, jwt.ExpiredSignature):
        return False

List of Third-Party Services Integrated with the JWT Addon #

Sauce Labs #

Add your SAUCE_USERNAME as a normal environment variable, and your SAUCE_ACCESS_KEY as a JWT token (See sauce-connect for more details):

  - SAUCE_USERNAME=example_username