Google Chrome

The Google Chrome addon allows Travis CI builds to install Google Chrome at runtime.

This addon supports both, Linux and macOS build environments.

For Linux, you must be running on Ubuntu Xenial 16.04 or later build environments.

Selecting a Chrome version #

You can install the stable or the beta version of Chrome but you can’t select a specific numeric version.

  chrome: stable

Take note that the underlying Chrome version can change from one build to another when Google updates the stable or beta version.

Headless mode #

You can use Google Chrome in headless mode.

Sandboxing #

For security reasons, Google Chrome is unable to provide sandboxing when it is running in the container-based environment.

In that case, you may see an error message like this:

30 11 2017 13:35:42.245:ERROR [launcher]: Cannot start Chrome
  [4315:4315:1130/] The SUID sandbox helper binary was found, but is not configured correctly. Rather than run without sandboxing I'm aborting now. You need to make sure that /opt/google/chrome/chrome-sandbox is owned by root and has mode 4755.

or like this:

  unknown error: Chrome failed to start: crashed
    (Driver info: chromedriver=2.38.552522 (437e6fbedfa8762dec75e2c5b3ddb86763dc9dcb),platform=Linux 4.14.12-041412-generic x86_64)

To use Chrome in the container-based environment, pass the --no-sandbox flag to the chrome executable.

The method to accomplish this varies from one testing framework to another. Some examples are given below. Please consult your tool’s documentation for further details on how to add the --no-sandbox flag.

Karma Chrome Launcher #

With the customlauncher plugin for Karma, you would add it to the flags array:

module.exports = function(config) {
    browsers: ['Chrome', 'ChromeHeadless', 'ChromeHeadlessNoSandbox'],

    // you can define custom flags
    customLaunchers: {
      ChromeHeadlessNoSandbox: {
        base: 'ChromeHeadless',
        flags: ['--no-sandbox']

Capybara #

When using Capybara with Ruby, you would set up a custom driver with the appropriate flags:

require 'capybara'
Capybara.register_driver :chrome do |app|
	options = %w[no-sandbox headless disable-gpu]), browser: :chrome, options: options)

Capybara.javascript_driver = :chrome

Behat #

When using Behat you should pass the options to the selenium2 chrome configuration:

        # This will probably be the same always, if you follow the guide for browsers below.
        wd_host: http://localhost:8643/wd/hub
              - "--headless"
              - "--disable-gpu"
              - "--no-sandbox"
      javascript_session: selenium2
      browser_name: chrome