Customizing Travis CI Enterprise Build Images
With Travis CI Enterprise, you can configure your build images to suit your development process and improve the build environment and performance.
Customizing build images #
After pulling the build images from
quay.io either through
installation or manually, make sure
they’ve been re-tagged to
travis:[language]. Once this configuration is in
place, you can fully customize these images according to your needs.
Note: you’ll need to re-apply your customizations after upgrading build images from quay.io.
Ubuntu Trusty build environments #
For Ubuntu Trusty build environments we ship three Docker images in total. Depending on the user’s
.travis.yml configuration we will pick the corresponding image to run the build.
We’re shipping the same Docker build images as we use on travis-ci.com. The base image,
connie contains all databases and frameworks preinstalled, such as postgresql, mysql, memcached, pyenv, rvm, gimme. Though there are no interpreters available. Based on
connie there is
garnet, which adds the following programming languages:
- Java / JVM
The third image,
amethyst, additionally ships with Android, Erlang, Haskell and Perl preinstalled.
Any modification to one of these images will be available for other languages as well.
Ubuntu Precise build environments (deprecated) #
In the Ubuntu Precise environment we’re shipping a separate Docker image for each language we support. There we support the same languages as in our current Trusty environment.
How to customize #
The process is to:
- start a Docker container based on one of the default build images
- run your customizations inside that container, and
- commit the container to a Docker image with the original
travis:language name (tag).
For example, in order to install a particular Ruby version which is not
available on the default
travis:ruby image, and make it persistent,
you can run:
docker -H tcp://0.0.0.0:4243 run -it --name travis_ruby travis:ruby su travis -l -c 'rvm install [version]' docker -H tcp://0.0.0.0:4243 commit travis_ruby travis:ruby docker -H tcp://0.0.0.0:4243 rm travis_ruby
Enabling Docker Builds #
Worker machine configuration #
To build docker images on Travis CI Enterprise, add the following to
/etc/default/travis-worker on all your Workers:
Configuration for Docker Builds in Trusty Build Environments #
With Trusty build images a few additional steps are required. Since
docker-ce can’t run on its own inside another Docker container, it’ll connect to the Host’s Docker daemon to execute the respective commands.
We accomplish this by adding another configuration option to
With this option we tell
travis-worker to make the host’s Docker socket available inside the build containers. Please restart travis-worker after you have saved the configuration file.
Restart travis-worker #
To restart travis-worker, you can find the instructions here.
Updates to your .travis.yml files #
Trusty build containers #
Once the worker machine is configured properly, you can use Docker as usual in your build. Please note that on an Enterprise installation you don’t need to add
services: docker to the
Since you’re using the host’s Docker daemon, all images and containers used in your build are stored on the host machine. To free up disk space, we recommend using the
--rm flag when you use Docker run in your build.
To avoid race conditions when multiple builds start to remove containers and images at the same time we recommend to clean them up manually on the machine directly while no build is running.
Precise build containers (legacy) #
Add the following to any
.travis.yml files for repositories which would like to use Docker:
install: - sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://pgp.mit.edu:80 --recv-keys 58118E89F3A912897C070ADBF76221572C52609D - echo "deb https://apt.dockerproject.org/repo ubuntu-precise main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/docker.list - sudo apt-get update - sudo apt-get install docker-engine
For example, if you want to create a new repository and test out Docker support, you can create a
.travis.yml file which looks like the following:
install: - sudo apt-get update - sudo apt-get install apt-transport-https ca-certificates - sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://p80.pool.sks-keyservers.net:80 --recv-keys 58118E89F3A912897C070ADBF76221572C52609D - echo "deb https://apt.dockerproject.org/repo ubuntu-precise main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/docker.list - sudo apt-get update - sudo apt-get install docker-engine - sudo docker pull ubuntu script: - sudo docker run ubuntu date
Contact Enterprise Support #
To get in touch with us, please write a message to firstname.lastname@example.org. If possible, please include as much of the following as you can:
- Description of the problem - what are you observing?
- Which steps did you try already?
- A support bundle (You can get it from
- Log files from all workers (They can be found at
/var/log/upstart/travis-worker.log- please include as many as you can retrieve).
- If a build failed or errored, a text file of the build log
Have you made any customizations to your setup? While we may be able to see some information (such as hostname, IaaS provider, and license expiration), there are many other things we can’t see which could lead to something not working. Therefore , we’d like to ask you to also answer the questions below in your support request (if applicable):
- How many machines are you using?
- Do you use configuration management tools (Chef, Puppet)?
- Which other services do interface with Travis CI Enterprise?
- Do you use Travis CI Enterprise together with github.com or GitHub Enterprise?
- If you’re using GitHub Enterprise, which version of it?
We’re looking forward to helping!